The Winston-Salem Fire Department wants everyone to have an enjoyable and safe holiday time. The mission of the Winston-Salem Fire Department and NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) is to educate the citizens and communities in Winston-Salem by promoting fire safety and preventive measures to aid in decreasing fires, injuries and non-fire related incidents.
Cooking fires are the number one cause of residential fires and injuries. The leading cause of fire in the kitchen is unattended cooking. Overheated cooking oil will start to bubble and smoke excessively. This bubbling reaction often overflows and ignites. The fire is intense and could spill over and out of the pan instantly. Microwaves ovens are one of the leading home products associated with scald burn injuries that are not related to fires.
Turkey Fryers that involve immersing the turkey in hot oil is not a favorable method of cooking by NFPA. The use of turkey fryers can often lead to devastating burns; other injures and fires due the use of substantial quantity of cooking oil at high temperatures and dangers of the hot oil being release at some point during the cooking process.
Cooking Safety Tips
4th of July Fireworks Safety for the Non-professional
As a general rule, North Carolina has restrictive laws on fireworks. Many fireworks you can purchase in South Carolina are not legal in North Carolina.
What fireworks are legal in North Carolina?
Fireworks that are legal in North Carolina include poppers, sparklers, fountains and novelty items that don't explode, spin, leave the ground or fly through the air.
Examples of legal fireworks: snake and glow worms, smoke devices, noisemakers like snappers and string poppers and wire sparklers.
There's a misconception that all fireworks are legal on holidays like New Years, Memorial Day and July 4th. That's not true, the same laws still hold true all year.
What fireworks are illegal in North Carolina?
There are certain fireworks that are illegal to possess in this state. That includes firecrackers, fireworks that spin on the ground, roman candles, bottle rockets, and any aerial fireworks.
Essentially, any firework that leaves the ground is not legal in North Carolina.
Penalties for using fireworks illegally in North Carolina.
Violators of the state's fireworks law face a misdemeanor charge punishable by a fine up to $500 and or imprisonment of up to six months.
How old do you have to be to purchase fireworks in North Carolina?
You must be 18 years old. (The age of purchase is 16 in South Carolina.)
Fireworks safety in North Carolina.
The majority of injuries from fireworks are from smaller devices, like fountains and sparklers.
Tips for safety:
•Fireworks cause an average of almost 20,000 reported fires per year.
•Each July 4th, thousands of people, often children and teens, are injured while using consumer fireworks
•In 2013, sparklers caused 41% of fireworks injuries.
•The tip of a sparkler burns hot enough to cause third-degree burns (over 1,200 degrees Fahrenheit).
•The risk of fireworks injury is highest for children ages 5-19 and adults 25-44.
•Nearly 90 % of emergency room fireworks injuries involve fireworks that consumers are legally permitted to use.
State Fire Marshal Causey Offers Fireworks Warning
Citizens advised to leave fireworks to the pros; attend community displays
RALEIGH — Insurance Commissioner and State Fire Marshal Mike Causey today warned North Carolinians about the dangers of fireworks as they celebrate the upcoming July Fourth holiday.
“Some people when they were kids may have had firecrackers and sparklers, but they need to realize these devices are not toys and respect them, and also realize that there are so many more fireworks now that are more dangerous,” said Causey. “I hope all North Carolinians enjoy a safe holiday, but ask that they please leave all fireworks—even those legal in North Carolina—to the professionals.”
In 2015, there were 11 deaths and an estimated 11,900 people who sustained injuries related to fireworks, with 67 percent of those injuries occurring in the 30 days surrounding the Fourth of July holiday, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Injuries from sparklers, bottle rockets and small firecrackers accounted for 3,900 injuries requiring emergency room visits.
A simple, handheld sparkler can burn at a temperature of 1200 degrees Fahrenheit or more. To put that into perspective, water boils at 212 degrees, a cake bakes at 350 degrees and wood burns at 575 degrees.
North Carolina citizens are encouraged to only attend public fireworks displays performed by trained professionals permitted by the state. After the display, do not pick up or touch leftover fireworks because they may still be active.
With Halloween right around the corner, careful planning can make the holiday a fun and fire-safe one. During the five-year-period of 2006-2010, NFPA estimates that decorations were the item first ignited in an estimated average of 1,000 reported home structure fires per year. These fires caused an estimated average six civilian deaths, 53 civilian injuries and $16 million in direct property damage per year. To stay safe this Halloween season, here are a few tips we recommend:
1. When choosing a costume, stay away from billowing or long trailing fabric. If you are making your own costume, choose material that won't easily ignite if it comes into contact with heat or flame. If your child is wearing a mask, make sure the eye holes are large enough so they can see out. Also, be sure that costumes and decorations are made with flame resistant materials.
2. Provide children with flashlights to carry for lighting or glow sticks as part of their costume.
3. Dried flowers, cornstalks and crepe paper are highly flammable. Keep these and other decorations well away from all open flames and heat sources, including light bulbs and heaters.
4. It is safest to use a flashlight or battery-operated candles in a jack-o-lantern. If you use a real candle, use extreme caution. Make sure children are watched at all times when candles are lit. When lighting candles inside jack-o-lanterns, use long fireplace-style matches or a utility lighter. Be sure to place lit pumpkins well away from anything that can burn and far enough out of way of trick-or-treaters, doorsteps, walkways and yards.
5. Remember to keep exits clear of decorations, so nothing blocks escape routes.
6. Tell children to stay away from open flames. Be sure they know how to stop, drop and roll if their clothing catches fire. (Have them practice stopping immediately, dropping to the ground, covering their face with hands, and rolling over and over to put the flames out.)
7. Use flashlights as alternatives to candles or torch lights when decorating walkways and yards. They are much safer for trick-or-treaters, whose costumes may brush against the lighting.
8. If your children are going to Halloween parties at others’ homes, have them look for ways out of the home and plan how they would get out in an emergency.
9. Remind children to never eat treats until they have been inspected by an adult.
Christmas Tree Safety
In a four-year span, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated annual average of 240 home structure fires that began with Christmas trees. Home Christmas tree fires caused an average of 13 civilian deaths, 27 civilian injuries, and $16.7 million in direct property damage per year. Although these fires are not common, when they do occur, they are likely to be serious. On average, one of every 18 reported home structure Christmas tree fires resulted in a death compared to an average of one death per 141 total reported home structure fires.
Carefully selecting a fresh, green needle or artificial tree, placing the tree at least 3” from any heat source, properly lighting the tree and disposing of the tree when the needles start to drop are all essential in making the holidays safer.
Holiday lights and other decorative lighting with line voltage were involved in an estimated average of 150 home structure fires per year in this same period. These fires caused an average of eight civilian deaths, 14 civilian injuries, and $8.5 million in direct property damage per year.
In a study of fall-related injuries during the holiday season, an annual average of roughly 5,800 fall injuries related to holiday decorating.
Each year fires occurring during the holiday season claim the lives of over 400 people, injuring 1,650 more, and cause over $900 million in damage. According to the United States Fire Administration (USFA) , there are simple life-saving steps you can take to ensure a safe and happy holiday season. Christmas tree fires typically result from shorts in electrical lights or open flames from candles, lighters, or matches. Well-watered trees are not a problem, but dry and neglected trees can be. By following some of these precautionary tips, individuals can greatly reduce their chances of becoming a holiday fire casualty.
Christmas Tree Selection
Christmas Tree Care
Christmas Tree Disposal
10 Christmas Tree Fire-Safe Tips
1. When decorating your tree, always use lights listed by a testing laboratory. Some lights are designed only for indoor or outdoor use, but not both. Larger tree lights should also have some type of reflector rather than a bare bulb.
2. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on how to use tree lights. Any string of lights with worn, frayed or broken cords or loose bulb connections should not be used. Connect no more than three strands of push-in bulbs and a maximum of 50 bulbs for screw-in bulbs.
3. Always unplug Christmas tree lights before leaving home or going to bed.
4. Bring outdoor electrical lights inside after the holidays to prevent hazards and extend their life.
5. Never use lit candles to decorate a tree, and make sure any lit candles in the room are placed well away from tree branches.
6. Try to keep live trees as moist as possible by giving them plenty of water daily. Do not purchase a tree that is dry or dropping needles. Check for fresh, green needles. And place your tree in a sturdy tree stand designed not to tip over.
7. If you purchase an artificial tree, be sure it is labeled as fire-retardant.
8. Children are fascinated with Christmas trees. Keep a watchful eye on them when around the tree and do not let them play with the wiring or lights. Store matches and lighters up high, out of reach, preferably in a locked cabinet.
9. Make sure the tree is at least three feet (one meter) away from any heat source, such as fireplaces and radiators. Try to position the tree near an outlet so that cords are not running long distances. Do not place the tree where it may block exits.
10. Safely dispose of the tree when it begins dropping needles. Dried-out trees are highly flammable and should not be left in a house or garage, or placed against the house.
Use Candles with Care
December is the peak month for candle fires, with nearly twice the average number of incidents. On a national average 44% of reported candle fires in the home started in the bedroom.
Finally, as in every season of the year, you should have working smoke alarms installed on every level of your home. The smoke alarms should be tested monthly and kept clean. Also have your smoke alarms equipped with fresh batteries at all times. Know when and how to call for help. Always remember to practice your fire escape plan.
Information provided on this webpage was retrieved from the NFPA website. Please visit NFPA website to receive additional information on fire and life safety preventive measures.
Please contact us for any assistance or additional information you may need at (336) 773-7900 or send an email to the department’s Community Educator Specialist.