The Winston-Salem Fire Department wants everyone to have an enjoyable and safe holiday time. The mission of the Winston-Salem Fire Department and NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) is to educate the citizens and communities in Winston-Salem by promoting fire safety and preventive measures to aid in decreasing fires, injuries and non-fire related incidents.
Christmas Tree Safety
In a four-year span, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated annual average of 240 home structure fires that began with Christmas trees. Home Christmas tree fires caused an average of 13 civilian deaths, 27 civilian injuries, and $16.7 million in direct property damage per year. Although these fires are not common, when they do occur, they are likely to be serious. On average, one of every 18 reported home structure Christmas tree fires resulted in a death compared to an average of one death per 141 total reported home structure fires.
Carefully selecting a fresh, green needle or artificial tree, placing the tree at least 3” from any heat source, properly lighting the tree and disposing of the tree when the needles start to drop are all essential in making the holidays safer.
Holiday lights and other decorative lighting with line voltage were involved in an estimated average of 150 home structure fires per year in this same period. These fires caused an average of eight civilian deaths, 14 civilian injuries, and $8.5 million in direct property damage per year.
In a study of fall-related injuries during the holiday season, an annual average of roughly 5,800 fall injuries related to holiday decorating.
Holiday Decorating Safety [video]
Christmas tree Safety [video]
Christmas tree fire demonstration [video]
Holiday Safety Tips [pdf]
Christmas tree Safety Tips [pdf]
Each year fires occurring during the holiday season claim the lives of over 400 people, injuring 1,650 more, and cause over $900 million in damage. According to the United States Fire Administration (USFA) , there are simple life-saving steps you can take to ensure a safe and happy holiday season. Christmas tree fires typically result from shorts in electrical lights or open flames from candles, lighters, or matches. Well-watered trees are not a problem, butdry and neglected trees can be. By following some of these precautionary tips, individuals can greatly reduce their chances of becoming a holiday fire casualty.
Christmas Tree Selection
- Make sure the needles on the tree are fresh; they should be green and hard to pull back from the branches. If the tree is freshly cut, the needles should not break easily.
- The tree trunk should be sticky to the touch.
- Old trees can be identified by bouncing the tree trunk on the ground. If many of the needles fall off, the tree has been cut too long and has probably dried out. This can create a fire hazard.
Christmas Tree Care
- Do not place your Christmas tree close to a heat source; a fire place, heat vent, or other heating devices.
- Heat dries out Christmas trees and will cause it to be more easily ignited by heat, flame, or sparks.
- Be very careful not to drop or flick cigarette ashes near a tree.
- Do not put your live tree up too early or leave it up for longer than two weeks.
- Keep your Christmas tree stand filled with water at all times.
Christmas Tree Disposal
- Never place your tree branches or needles in a fireplace or wood burning stove.
- When the tree becomes dry, discard it promptly.
- The best way to dispose of your tree is by taking it to a recycling center or having it hauled away by a community pick-up service (in the city limits, there will be designated tree pickup days).
10 Christmas Tree Fire-Safe Tips
1. When decorating your tree, always use lights listed by a testing laboratory. Some lights are designed only for indoor or outdoor use, but not both. Larger tree lights should also have some type of reflector rather than a bare bulb.
2. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on how to use tree lights. Any string of lights with worn, frayed or broken cords or loose bulb connections should not be used. Connect no more than three strands of push-in bulbs and a maximum of 50 bulbs for screw-in bulbs.
3. Always unplug Christmas tree lights before leaving home or going to bed.
4. Bring outdoor electrical lights inside after the holidays to prevent hazards and extend their life.
5. Never use lit candles to decorate a tree, and make sure any lit candles in the room are placed well away from tree branches.
6. Try to keep live trees as moist as possible by giving them plenty of water daily. Do not purchase a tree that is dry or dropping needles. Check for fresh, green needles. And place your tree in a sturdy tree stand designed not to tip over.
7. If you purchase an artificial tree, be sure it is labeled as fire-retardant.
8. Children are fascinated with Christmas trees. Keep a watchful eye on them when around the tree and do not let them play with the wiring or lights. Store matches and lighters up high, out of reach, preferably in a locked cabinet.
9. Make sure the tree is at least three feet (one meter) away from any heat source, such as fireplaces and radiators. Try to position the tree near an outlet so that cords are not running long distances. Do not place the tree where it may block exits.
10. Safely dispose of the tree when it begins dropping needles. Dried-out trees are highly flammable and should not be left in a house or garage, or placed against the house.
- Maintain Your Holiday Lights. Before putting them up, inspect each year for
- frayed wires
- Bare spots
- Gaps in the insulation
- Broken or cracked sockets
- Excessive kinking or wear
- Use only lighting listed by an approved testing laboratory.
- Do Not Overload Electrical Outlets
- Do not link more than three light strands.
- Connect strings of lights to an extension cord before plugging the cord into the outlet.
- Make sure to periodically check the wires – they should not be warm to the touch.
- Do Not Leave Holiday Lights on Unattended
- Use Only Nonflammable Decorations.
- All decorations should be nonflammable or flame-retardant and placed away from heat vents or heating devices.
- Never Put Wrapping Paper in a Fireplace.
- It can result in a very large fire, throwing off dangerous sparks and embers and may result in a chimney fire.
- Artificial Christmas Trees.
- If you are using a metallic or artificial tree, make sure it is flame retardant.
Use Candles with Care
December is the peak month for candle fires, with nearly twice the average number of incidents. On a national average 44% of reported candle fires in the home started in the bedroom.
- Extinguish all candles when leaving the room or going to sleep.
- Keep candles away from items that can catch fire.
- Keep candlewicks trimmed to one-quarter inch and extinguish taper and pillar candles when they get to within two inches of the holder or decorative material.
- Votives and containers should be extinguished before the last half-inch of wax starts to melt.
- Avoid Using Lit Candles
- If you do use them, make sure they are in stable holders and place them where they cannot be easily knocked down.
- Never leave the house with candles burning.
- Do not place lit candles in windows, where blinds and curtains can close over them.
- Never Put Lit Candles on a Tree
- Do not go near a Christmas tree with an open flame – candles, lighters or matches.
Cooking fires are the number one cause of residential fires and injuries. The leading cause of fire in the kitchen is unattended cooking. Overheated cooking oil will start to bubble and smoke excessively. This bubbling reaction often overflows and ignites. The fire is intense and could spill over and out of the pan instantly. Microwaves ovens are one of the leading home products associated with scald burn injuries that are not related to fires.
Turkey Fryers that involve immersing the turkey in hot oil is not a favorable method of cooking by NFPA. The use of turkey fryers can often lead to devastating burns; other injures and fires due the use of substantial quantity of cooking oil at high temperatures and dangers of the hot oil being release at some point during the cooking process.
Turkey Fryers Safety Demonstration [video]
Cooking Safety Tips
4th of July Fireworks Safety for the Non-professional
As a general rule, North Carolina has restrictive laws on fireworks. Many fireworks you can purchase in South Carolina are not legal in North Carolina.
What fireworks are legal in North Carolina?
Fireworks that are legal in North Carolina include poppers, sparklers, fountains and novelty items that don't explode, spin, leave the ground or fly through the air.
Examples of legal fireworks: snake and glow worms, smoke devices, noisemakers like snappers and string poppers and wire sparklers.
There's a misconception that all fireworks are legal on holidays like New Years, Memorial Day and July 4th. That's not true, the same laws still hold true all year.
What fireworks are illegal in North Carolina?
There are certain fireworks that are illegal to possess in this state. That includes firecrackers, fireworks that spin on the ground, roman candles, bottle rockets, and any aerial fireworks.
Essentially, any firework that leaves the ground is not legal in North Carolina.
Penalties for using fireworks illegally in North Carolina.
Violators of the state's fireworks law face a misdemeanor charge punishable by a fine up to $500 and or imprisonment of up to six months.
How old do you have to be to purchase fireworks in North Carolina?
You must be 18 years old. (The age of purchase is 16 in South Carolina.)
Fireworks safety in North Carolina.
The majority of injuries from fireworks are from smaller devices, like fountains and sparklers.
Tips for safety:
- Buy from reliable fireworks vendors, NEVER alter fireworks or try to make your own
- Store fireworks in a cool, dry place
- Never carry fireworks in your pocket
- Loose clothing should not be worn while handling fireworks
- Fireworks are not toys and should only be handled by responsible adults.
- Have a hose or bucket of water nearby in case of a fire emergency
- Light one firework at a time and move away from it quickly, if a firework does not light the first time, do not attempt to light it again
- Ignite your fireworks outdoors on a paved surface, away from grass, trees and other vegetation
- Never shoot fireworks from a metal or glass container
With Halloween right around the corner, careful planning can make the holiday a fun and fire-safe one. During the five-year-period of 2006-2010, NFPA estimates that decorations were the item first ignited in an estimated average of 1,000 reported home structure fires per year. These fires caused an estimated average six civilian deaths, 53 civilian injuries and $16 million in direct property damage per year. To stay safe this Halloween season, here are a few tips we recommend:
1. When choosing a costume, stay away from billowing or long trailing fabric. If you are making your own costume, choose material that won't easily ignite if it comes into contact with heat or flame. If your child is wearing a mask, make sure the eye holes are large enough so they can see out. Also, be sure that costumes and decorations are made with flame resistant materials.
2. Provide children with flashlights to carry for lighting or glow sticks as part of their costume.
3. Dried flowers, cornstalks and crepe paper are highly flammable. Keep these and other decorations well away from all open flames and heat sources, including light bulbs and heaters.
4. It is safest to use a flashlight or battery-operated candles in a jack-o-lantern. If you use a real candle, use extreme caution. Make sure children are watched at all times when candles are lit. When lighting candles inside jack-o-lanterns, use long fireplace-style matches or a utility lighter. Be sure to place lit pumpkins well away from anything that can burn and far enough out of way of trick-or-treaters, doorsteps, walkways and yards.
5. Remember to keep exits clear of decorations, so nothing blocks escape routes.
6. Tell children to stay away from open flames. Be sure they know how to stop, drop and roll if their clothing catches fire. (Have them practice stopping immediately, dropping to the ground, covering their face with hands, and rolling over and over to put the flames out.)
7. Use flashlights as alternatives to candles or torch lights when decorating walkways and yards. They are much safer for trick-or-treaters, whose costumes may brush against the lighting.
8. If your children are going to Halloween parties at others’ homes, have them look for ways out of the home and plan how they would get out in an emergency.
9. Remind children to never eat treats until they have been inspected by an adult.
Halloween Safety Video
Halloween Fire Safety Tips
See the NFPA website for recommended safety measures.
Finally, as in every season of the year, you should have working smoke alarms installed on every level of your home. The smoke alarms should be tested monthly and kept clean. Also have your smoke alarms equipped with fresh batteries at all times. Know when and how to call for help. Always remember to practice your fire escape plan.
Information provided on this webpage was retrieved from the NFPA website. Please visit NFPA website to receive additional information on fire and life safety preventive measures.
Please contact us for any assistance or additional information you may need at (336) 773-7900 or send an email to the department’s Community Educator Specialist.